Ancestry.com. 1851 års folkräkning i England [webbaserad databas]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005.
Originaldata: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1851. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1851. Data imaged from the National Archives, London, England. The National Archives gives no warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or fitness for the purpose of the information provided. Images may be used only for purposes of research, private study or education. Applications for any other use should be made to the National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU.

 1851 års folkräkning i England

Den här databasen består av ett register över personer som upptogs i 1851 års folkräkning i England. Folkräkningen innehåller detaljerad information om varje person som tillbringade den aktuella natten i ett visst hushåll. Informationen innehåller bland annat namn, relation till familjeöverhuvudet, civilstånd, ålder vid den senaste födelsedagen, kön, yrke och födelseort. Dessutom samlades ytterligare information in om bostaden och egendomen. Varje namn i detta register är dessutom länkat till de verkliga bilderna av 1851 års engelska folkräkning.

The 1851 Census for England was taken on the night of 30 March 1851. The following information was requested:

  • Name of street, place, road, etc.
  • House number or name
  • Name of each person that had spent the night in that household
  • Relationship of person enumerated to the head of the family
  • Person's marital status
  • Age at last birthday (sex is indicated by which column the age is recorded in)
  • Person's rank, profession, or occupation
  • Person's place of birth (if outside of England or Wales, only the country may be given)
  • Whether blind, deaf, or idiot

Enumeration forms were distributed to all households a couple of days before census night and the complete forms were collected the next day. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 30 March 1851 for all individuals who had spent the night in the house. People who were traveling or living abroad were enumerated at the location where they spent the night on census night. All of the details from the individual forms were later sorted and copied into enumerators' books, which are the records we can view images of today. The original householders schedules from 1841 to 1901 were destroyed.

The clerks who compiled and reviewed the census data made a variety of marks on the returns. Unfortunately, many of these tally marks were written over personal information and some fields, such as ages, can be difficult to read as a result. More useful marks include a single slash between households within a building and a double slash separating households in separate buildings.

How the census forms are organized:

Census returns were collected according to registration district. These returns were divided into sub- districts and assigned consecutive piece numbers for reference purposes. The piece numbers begin in London with number one and work roughly south to north, followed by the Welsh districts and then the Isle of Man and Channel Islands. You will find the piece number on a paper strip at the bottom of every image, following the PRO class number. There may be hundreds of pieces within a county.

In addition to the piece number, each page of the returns includes a folio number and/or a page number. The folio number was stamped onto every other page before microfilming and is located in the upper right hand corner of the image. Folio numbering usually starts over at the beginning of each piece. The page number is part of the printed form and is found on every page in the upper right hand corner. The page numbers start over at the beginning of every enumeration district. A full reference number for a record in the 1851 census includes the PRO class number (HO 107), the piece number, the folio number, and the page number. Keep in mind that you may have to look at several enumeration districts to find the page you want within a given folio since the page numbers start over with every ED.

Known problems with the 1851 Census:

The following parishes and hamlets are missing from these piece numbers. Some of these parishes and hamlets represent the entirety of the piece, while others are just portions of a piece.

Piece 1762: Cambridgeshire and Suffolk Counties
  • Ashley-cum-Silverley
  • Burwell
  • Exning
  • Landwade
  • Newmarket
  • Reach
  • Snailwell
  • St Mary
  • Swaffham Prior
Piece 1763: Cambridgeshire and Suffolk Counties
  • Dalham
  • Dunstall-Green
  • Gazeley
  • Higham Green
  • Kennett
  • Lidgate
  • Moulton
  • Ousden
  • Southwell Park
Piece 1785: Essex County
  • Aythorp-Roothing
  • Bardfield-Saling
  • Barnston
  • Broxted
  • Chickney
  • Easton Lodge
  • Felstead
  • Great Bardfield
  • Great Canfield
  • Great Dunmow
  • Great Easton
  • Hatfield-Broad-Oak or Hatfield Regis
  • High Easter
  • High Roothing
  • Leaden-Roothing
  • Lindsell
  • Little Bardfield
  • Little Canfield
  • Little Easton
  • Little Dunmow
  • Margaret Roothing
  • Morrell-Roothing
  • Stebbing
  • Takeley
  • Thaxted
  • Tilty
  • White Roothing
Piece 1852: Dorset County
  • Bagbere
  • Bellchalwell
  • Child Okeford
  • Fifehead-Neville
  • Hammoon
  • Haselbury-Bryan
  • Hinton St Mary
  • Ibberton
  • Manston
  • Newton
  • Okeford-Fitzpaine
  • Shillingstone or Shilling-Okeford
  • Stoke-Wake
  • Sturminster-Newton-Castle
  • Woolland

In addition, the census returns of the following localities have been damaged by water during storage. Most of the damaged pieces are in the area of Manchester. However, through the use of new technology they have now been indexed. The Manchester and Lancashire Family History Society recovered tens of thousands of names working on a small scale to prove the technology. Ancestry.com used forensic and photographic techniques on a large scale to take names from records, which are unreadable by the naked eye because of mold and water damage. The process yielded abt 165,000 names that weren’t previously available.

Piece 2332: Yorkshire County
  • Broadroyd Head
  • Carlton
  • Carr Green
  • Cudworth with High & Low Cudworth
  • Darton
  • Darton Lane Head
  • Darton with Blacker
  • Mapplewell
  • Notton
  • Roystone
  • Staincross & Swallow Hill
  • Woolley
Piece 2219: Lancashire County
  • Manchester
  • Ardwick
  • Birth in Rusholme
  • Burnage
  • Chorlton-dum-Hardy
  • Didsbury
  • Gorton
  • Levenshulme
  • Openshaw
  • Rusholme
  • Withington
Piece 2220: Lancashire County
  • Manchester
  • Ardwick
  • Chorlton-upon-Medlock
Piece 2221: Lancashire County
  • Manchester
  • Moss-side
  • Hulme
Piece 2222/1: Lancashire County
  • Eccles
  • Pendleton
Piece 2222/2: Lancashire County
  • Eccles
  • Pendlebury
Piece 2222/3: Lancashire County
  • Manchester
  • Broughton-with Kersall
Piece 2223: Lancashire County
  • Manchester
  • Salford
Piece 2224: Lancashire County
  • Manchester
  • Salfrod
Pieces 2225-2230: Lancashire County
  • Manchester
Piece 2231: Lancashire County
  • Manchester
  • Bradford
  • Beswick
  • Newton with Culcheth & Kirkmanshulme
Piece 2232: Lancashire County
  • Manchester
  • Alt
  • Alt-Edge
  • Alt-Hill
  • Ashton-under-Lyne
  • Blackley
  • Cheetham
  • Crumpsall
  • Failsworth
  • Great Heaton
  • Harpurhey
  • Knott Lanes with Lees
  • Knott Lanes & Wood Park
  • Little Heaton
  • Moston
  • Prestwich
  • Taunton
Piece 2233: Lancashire County
  • Ashton-under-Lyne
  • Ashton Town
Piece 2240: Lancashire County
  • Prestwich
  • Oldham (St Mary's, St Peter's, Wernet, and Westwood Wards)

Connecting piece numbers and localities:

To identify which parishes or townships are included in a piece, please use The National Archives online catalogue. Search the catalogue by entering the series code and the piece number, e.g. HO 107/217, in the box in the upper left that says "Type reference here."

Alternatively, you can search the catalogue vice-versa (identify which piece number a particular parish or township is part of) by putting a place name in the "Word or phrase" field and "HO 107" in the "Department or Series code" field.

Some of the above information was taken from "Chapter 6: Census Returns," Ancestral Trails: The Complete Guide to British Genealogy and Family History by Mark D. Herber (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1998) and Using Census Returns, Pocket Guides to Family History by David Annal (Richmond, Surrey: Public Record Office, 2002).