Källinformation

Ancestry.com. Washington D.C., anhållan om frigivning, 1820-1863 [webbaserad databas]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.
Originaldata:

Habeas Corpus Case Records, 1820–1863, of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia; Microfilm publication M434, 2 rolls; 6277088; Records of District Courts of the United States, Record Group 21; The National Archives in Washington, D.C.

 Washington D.C., anhållan om frigivning, 1820-1863

Den här databasen innehåller begäranden om frigivning framställda för tingsrätter i Washington DC mellan 1820 och 1863. Uppgifterna innehåller kriminalärenden, ekonomiska tvister och konkurser, lärlingsutbildningar, familjeangelägenheter och militära ärenden.

Translated literally, habeas corpus means “that you have the body,” and as a legal concept its roots date back to English common law. A writ of habeas corpus was a court order to a jailer (or some other person who was detaining another individual) to have the detained person brought into court to determine whether the prisoner was being held by due process.

This database includes writs of habeas corpus from the U.S. Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, dating from 1820 through 1863. The records include criminal matters, financial disputes and bankruptcy, apprenticeships, family matters, and military cases. Records may include the following details:

  • names and aliases
  • ages
  • places of residence
  • names of family members and witnesses
  • occupations
  • reason for confinement
  • outcome

African Americans in the Records
This collection can be helpful in African American research because it includes writs of habeas corpus for individuals who were detained as runaway servants or slaves. In some cases, you’ll find the names of witnesses attesting to a detainee’s free or slave status.